When most people think of taking a dna test, the first thing that comes to mind is a male who is alleged to have fathered a child but denies the possibility. What that certainly happens, there are also situations in which a male has reason to believe that he is the biological father and wishes to take on the responsibilities of being a parent. Before any legal action takes place, it does make sense to undergo testing and find out what the probability is for being the father. Here are some things that the male needs to know about the testing.
Who Needs to Participate?
If the idea is to determine if the male is in fact the biological father, participation by two individuals is ideal. A sample should be collected from the child and a second one from the male. This makes it possible for a properly accredited laboratory staff to run the required tests and determine if the DNA areas are indeed a match.
What Will the Test Results Prove?
The test, assuming the sample is subjected to enough areas of examination, will prove two things. First, the results will indicate if the child and the male do not share any DNA markers that indicate a familial connection. In that case, there is no need to look further. With no biological evidence to confirm fatherhood, the male will find it difficult to build a case for receiving parental rights.
The second thing the test will provide is what degree of probability exists that the male is in fact the father. That probability could be as high as 99.99% if the samples are collected only from the male and the child. When a sample from the biological mother is included in the testing, the probability can reach 100%.
While home DNA testing is not usually accepted by a court of law, it provides enough evidence to determine if there is any reason to file a claim for paternity and petition the court to receive parental rights. In this sense, the home DNA results provide a reason for the court to approve further testing by an approved laboratory and take those results into consideration when deciding what sort of action would be in the best interests of the child.